[Hui, C. M., 1996. Energy Performance of Air-conditioned Buildings in Hong Kong, PhD Thesis, City University of Hong Kong.]

Energy Performance of Air-conditioned Buildings in Hong Kong

Table of Contents
List of Figures
List of Tables
List of Abbreviations and Acronyms
Chapter 1    Introduction
1.1 Background
1.1.1 World energy scenario
1.1.2 Hong Kong's situation 
1.1.3 Problem areas
1.2 Objectives and Scope
1.2.1 Purpose and objectives
1.2.2 Scope of work
1.3 Organisation of the Thesis
Chapter 2    Literature Review
2.1 Energy Performance of Buildings
2.1.1 Basic concepts
2.1.2 Worldwide concern
2.2 Energy Analysis and Building Design
2.2.1 Building design process
2.2.2 Major impediments
2.3 Concepts of Load and Energy Calculations
2.3.1 Load calculations
2.3.2 Energy calculations
2.4 Building Energy Simulation
2.4.1 Simulation tools
2.4.2 Key factors
2.4.3 Climatic data
2.4.4 Implications for building energy standards
Chapter 3   Building Energy Performance Standards
3.1 Background
3.1.1 What are BES?
3.1.2 Barriers to building energy efficiency
3.1.3 The role of government
3.2 Development of Building Energy Standards
3.2.1 United States and Canada
3.2.2 Asian countries
3.2.3 United Kingdom, New Zealand and Australia
3.2.4 Information on other countries
3.3 Implications for Hong Kong
3.3.1 Development in Hong Kong
3.3.2 OTTV and building envelope design
3.3.3 Evaluation of Hong Kong OTTV standard
3.4 Useful Experience Learned
3.4.1 Analysis of important issues
3.4.2 Filling the information gap
Chapter 4    Climatic Data for Building Thermal Design
4.1 Building Climatic Design
4.1.1 Practices of climatic design
4.1.2 Quality of weather data
4.2 Outdoor Design Conditions
4.2.1 Basic principle
4.2.2 Risk assessment
4.3 Weather Data of Hong Kong
4.3.1 Existing weather data
4.3.2 Develop design data for Hong Kong
4.4 Analysis of Hong Kong Weather
4.4.1 General weather conditions
4.4.2 Frequency distributions
4.4.3 Building thermal design by graphical methods
Chapter 5    Typical Weather for Building Energy Analysis
5.1 Basic Concepts
5.1.1 Weather data for simulation
5.1.2 Typical year studies
5.2 Typical Year Methods
5.2.1 ASHRAE Test Reference Year method
5.2.2 Typical Meteorological Year method
5.2.3 TMY selection for Hong Kong
5.3 Weather Files for Building Energy Simulation
5.3.1 Standard formats
5.3.2 Generate weather files for Hong Kong
5.4 Evaluation of Weather Files
5.4.1 Compare different programs and formats
5.4.2 Correlation with climatic variables
5.4.3 Rethink about typical years
Chapter 6    Building Energy Simulation Methods
6.1 Simulation and Modelling
6.1.1 Principle of the approach
6.1.2 Energy modelling basics
6.1.3 Simulation skills
6.2 Building Energy Simulation Tools
6.2.1 Simulation programs for this study
6.2.2 Performing the analysis
6.3 Base Case Model
6.3.1 Reference building approach
6.3.2 Office building model
6.4 Sensitivity Analysis
6.4.1 Basic principle
6.4.2 Base case results
6.4.3 Major sensitivity findings
6.5 Regression Analysis
6.5.1 Methodology
6.5.2 Regression models
6.5.3 Develop energy equations
Chapter 7    Conclusions and Recommendations
7.1 Summary of Major Findings
7.1.1 Building energy standards
7.1.2 Climatic data
7.1.3 Building energy simulation
7.2 Significance and Limitations
7.2.1 Significance of the results
7.2.2 Limitations of this study
7.3 Recommendations for Future Work
7.3.1 General recommendations
7.3.2 Suggested work for Hong Kong


Appendix I  Professional Institutions and Major Energy Research
Appendix II  Summary of Hong Kong Weather Data
Appendix III  Nonparametric Statistics for TMY Method
Appendix IV  Estimation of Solar Data and Weather Information
Appendix V  DOE-2 Input File for Base Case Office Building
Appendix VI  BLAST Input File for Base Case Office Building
Appendix VII  Base Case Values and Perturbations for Sensitivity Analysis